19 Nov 2015

HAVE FUN IN THE SUN SAFELY

Now that gorgeous Spring weather is around the corner, we are itching to get outside in the sun. But our love affair isn’t a two way street: Unprotected exposure to the sun, even if we are just driving in the car or near windows inside, causes most of the wrinkles and skin changes that we think of as a normal part of aging. In time, the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) light damages the fibers in the skin called elastin. When these fibers breakdown, the skin begins to sag, stretch, and lose its ability to go back into place after stretching. Lines, freckles, yellow discoloration, mottled brown pigmentation, and redness also begin to appear.

Direct sun exposure is the #1 cause of skin cancer and pre-cancers…something which is so so preventable. So let’s all do something about that! Follow these simple tips to to avoid and delay those expensive laser treatments, face lifts, and skin cancer treatments down the line:

  1. Slather on the sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or greater 30 minutes before sun exposure and then every few hours thereafter
  2. Make sunscreen a part of your daily morning routing, even if you are just driving to work or the sky is overcast. You will still absorb plenty of UV light.
  3. Shop for cosmetic products, contact lenses and sunglasses that offer UV protection
  4. “Chanel” Nicole Kidman and wear 4-5″ wide-brimmed hats, long sleeved shirts and pants.
  5. There are now many companies which offer clothing with superior sun protection with SPF ratings. Another simple option is to turn your favorite washable clothing into sun protective wear by adding a packet of Rit Sun Guard Laundry Treatment UV Protectant in with the laundry detergent.
  6. The shade rules! Avoid direct sun exposure as much as possible during peak UV radiation hours between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m.
  7. Perform skin self-exams regularly to become familiar with existing growths and to notice any changes or new growths
  8. Start good skin cancer prevention habits in your child… 80 percent of sun exposure and skin damage occurs before we are 18!
  9. Of course, always avoid tanning beds.

Now for some sunscreen label basics: Sunlight contains the visible light that we can see and ultraviolet (UV) light that we cannot. There are two types of UV light, UVA and UVB. UVA light is responsible for tanning and UVB for sunburn. Both can damage the skin and increase the risk of skin cancer.

Currently, SPF ratings on sunscreens refer only to UVB protection, not UVA protection. The higher the number up to an SPF of 30, the better the overall sun protection. A rating of 15 is the minimum baseline recommended by dermatologists to protect the skin from UVB rays.

A sunblock will rate an SPF of 12 or higher and contains a physical sunblock that physically blocks, reflects, or absorbs sunlight so it can’t reach your skin. True physical sunblocks contain either zinc oxide or titanium dioxide.

In the future, sunscreens may get a new rating system and a warning, thanks to a new FDA proposal that will set standards for labeling over-the-counter sunscreens for both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) protection.

The proposal includes a four-star rating system for sunscreen protection against UVA light. One star would represent low UVA protection; two stars: medium protection; three stars:high protection; and four stars: the highest UVA protection available in an over-the-counter sunscreen.

Don’t forget these important tips about sunscreens:

  1. Shake well before using.
  2. Look for a waterproof brand.
  3. Always read the labels and select one that doesn’t have PABA or any ingredient you are sensitive to.
  4. Use on all parts of your body exposed to the sun…don’t forget the top of your ears and those thinning scalps ( I know…not you!) and don’t skimp on coverage.
  5. Look for the expiration date, because some ingredients may loose their strength with time.
  6. A continuous spray sunscreen is good to get even impossible-to-reach places.
  7. Sticks formulas are great for swiping across the tops of your hands when driving.

So go out and have fun golfing, playing tennis, and enjoying the beautiful Spring weather, but just use sun sense, safety and protection while you do it.

Dr. Jacknin is a board-certified dermatologist, author of the book “Smart Medicine for Your Skin” and founder of Primal Skin Care for Men. Find out more about her, skin care treatments, and advanced anti-aging skin care products at www.Primalmd.com, and www.DrJacknin.com.

19 Nov 2015

MUD AND CLAY AT- HOME SPA TREATMENTS

The Romans discovered the healing properties of mud baths as early as 120 B.C. Today mud is still used medicinally in European spa clinics as an effective treatment for arthritis and pulled muscles. The heat together with the chemical composition of a specific mud or clay can be remarkably powerful. Vitamins, minerals, and plant substances found in some muds are absorbed into the body and can clear metabolic pathways, improve waste elimination, boost cell oxygenation. A good mud or clay treatment for face and body is a must in your weekly regimen for clean, refreshed, radiant and refined skin!

If you are applying a mud or clay to your face and body, apply it with the tips of your fingers in a thin, even layer using gently, short strokes and avoiding your eyes and mouth. Leave it on for 15 minutes before refreshing the mud or clay with a scented body mist until the mud is damp again. Shower or rinse off completely after another 15 minutes and follow with a rich body butter.

Anyone who has discovered the delights of a mud bath also knows its rejuvenating, nourishing powers. The warm mud spread over your body is both sensuous and relaxing. As the mud dries, you’ll feel the invigorating tingle of your skin tightening. Many impurities and toxins are being drawn out of your skin, temporarily toning and refreshing it. Even after the mud is rinsed off in a warm, pleasurable shower, many beneficial trace minerals remain which help to restore your skin.

There are also a number of clays which are just as enjoyable and beneficial as the various types of muds. A good clay mask deeply cleans your skin, leaving it looking radiant and more refined. French Green clay is a fine pale green clay from southern France. Containing magnesium, dolomite, and silica, it is highly absorbent and makes a fantastic cleanser for oily skin. Kaolin is a fine white powder clay which comes from southeast China. Rich in aluminum silicate, it is often used as a thickening agent for facial and body masks and for facial creams. Rhassoul, another good body cleanser, is a natural-colored clay found in the Atlas mountains.

So, if you are not already a convert to the wonderful healing and transforming properties of muds and clays, I urge you to give them a try at your next at-home spa treatment.

16 Oct 2015

EFFECTIVE SUNSCREENS NOW CONTAIN POWERFUL ANTIOXIDANTS

A group of chemists have discovered that adding a mixture of antioxidants to sunscreen enhances its protection from UV radiation. In animal studies, they found that a mixture of various topical antioxidants was more effective than any single antioxidant. They’re the same things we’ve been told we should ingest regularly, in order to prevent the free radicals inside our bodies from causing cancer: black and green tea, grape seeds, and other colorful fruits and vegetables. These all helped prevent sunburn when applied to the skin.

Direct sun exposure is the #1 cause of skin cancer and pre-cancers…something which is so preventable.  Due to increased solar activity and thinning of the ozone layer, skin cancer in general is on the rise and the deadly skin cancer melanoma is being seen more frequently in children. A great sunscreen with an SPF of 30 can help.

Sunscreens also protect against wrinkles, dark spots and a more aged look.  In time, the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) light damages the fibers in the skin called elastin. When these fibers breakdown, the skin begins to sag, stretch, and lose its ability to go back into place after stretching. Lines, freckles, yellow discoloration, mottled brown pigmentation, and redness also begin to appear.

Follow these simple tips to avoid and delay those expensive laser treatments, face lifts, and skin cancer treatments down the line:

·         Use a sunscreen with an SPF, or sun protection factor of 30 or more. SPF greater than 50 only is about 1% more effective and is a marketing device.

 

·         Start good skin cancer prevention habits in your child… 80 percent of sun exposure and skin damage occurs before we are 18!

 

·         Apply sunscreen ½ hour before going out and reapply every 2-3 hours if outside. After that the sunscreen breaks down in the sun.

 

·         Make sunscreen a part of your daily morning routing, even if you are just driving to work or the sky is overcast.  You will still absorb plenty of UV light.

 

·         A sunblock will rate an SPF of 12 or higher and contains a physical sunblock that physically blocks, reflects, or absorbs sunlight so it can’t reach your skin. True physical sunblocks contain either zinc oxide or titanium dioxide.

 

 

·         Don’t forget the sunglasses, UV protected contact lenses and hats with a wide brim. 

 

·         There are now many companies which offer clothing with superior sun protection and are available at stores like REI. Get clothing with a UPF or ultraviolet protection factor of 50 or greater. In general, the more tight-weaved and darker the clothing, the better. Plain white tees and white linens only have a UPF of 8 or 9!

 

·         Another simple option is to turn your favorite washable clothing into sun protective wear by adding a packet of Rit Sun Guard Laundry Treatment UV Protectant in with the laundry detergent.

12 Oct 2015

ESSENTIAL OILS – VALUABLE INGREDIENTS FOR COSMECEUTICALS

Essential oils are one of the great untapped resources of the world! The use of essential oils is a natural system of medicine that can prevent illness and alleviate symptoms but is also in harmony with people and the planet alike. Essential oils provide us with protection, treatment, and pleasure without polluting ourselves or our environment.

The essential oil is the volatile part of the plant which is extracted from its other parts. Methods of extraction include steam distillation (the most common), solvent extraction, mechanical expression, and CO2 extraction. On average, one type of essential oil contains 100 chemical components of which are bodies are also composed, making them powerful, complex, and nontoxic.

Essential oils in the pure state are too highly concentrated to be used directly on the skin and need to be diluted in a base vegetable, nut or seed oil. Usually only 2-5 drops of the concentrated oil are added to each tsp of a carrier oil.  Sweet almond, avocado, grapeseed, jojoba, and olive oils are popular carrier oils.

The use of essential oils is one of the fastest ways to achieve medicinal or psychological effects. It takes only 20 min to 2 hours to be completely absorbed through the skin and 3-6 hours to be completely excreted. From the nasal cavity the molecules of the oils go immediately to the limbic system, or emotional part of the brain, which is directly connected to the parts of the brain that control the type of brain waves, heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, memory, stress levels and hormone balance. Thereby essential oils can influence many organ systems as well as our mind and spirit almost immediately!

Modern day research has confirmed the effectiveness of centuries of use of essential oils. They were used as far back as 1800 BC in Babylon, India, China, and Egypt. The father of medicine, Hippocrates, extolled their virtues around 400 B.C. French physicians routinely prescribe essential oil treatments and in the last 10 years essential oils have become increasingly well known and popular in the U.S. As there is an increasing demand for less toxic, natural cosmeceutical ingredients, essential oils are being rediscovered for their incredible effectiveness and enjoyment.

Now let’s take a look at the most important essential oils made from flowers which are incredibly valuable and enjoyable tools for daily skin care and the prevention and treatment of skin problems. Lavender, chamomile, geranium, and rose are all amazing sweet-scented, important skin care treatments.

Lavender is relaxing and balancing for all skin types, and its usefulness to any aromatic skin care regimen cannot be overstated. It is anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, stimulates new cell growth and balances oil production of the skin. Lavender is great for acne, burns, dandruff, eczema, insect bites, psoriasis, and wounds. It is also remarkable for easing tension and stress while it works its wonders on the skin.

Chamomile can be recognized by its apple-like scent and is very important in skin care, with its extremely strong anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. German and Roman Chamomile are distilled from the flowers of two similar plants; however, German chamomile has a unique blue color which comes from the azulene found in the distilled plant material. Studies have shown that chamomile oil reduces dryness, itching, redness, and sensitivity in irritated and inflamed skin. It is also wonderfully calming and uplifting.

Geranium has a green, sweet, floral aroma that is sometimes rosy or minty, depending on the subgroup of plant used. Geranium is antifungal, so it is helpful for athlete’s foot. It is especially useful in treating cellulite and as an astringent toner for oily skin, as it stimulates both the lymphatic and circulatory systems, promoting the elimination of wastes. Geranium also enhances new skin cell growth as it tones and tightens skin tissue, imparting a healthy glow.It is helpful for all skin types except sensitive skin.

Rose, the Queen of Flowers, is prized as one of the most beautiful, best-scented flowers. Antibacterial, antiseptic, and astringent, it is marvelous for acne rosacea, and imparts a youthful beauty to aging, dry skin.

Synergistic blends of more than one essential oil are very particular and powerful. However, the relative proportions of each oil need to be correct in order to augment the potency of the combination.   For example, the anti-inflammatory action of chamomile is greatly increased by adding lavender in the correct amount.

A word of caution:  Lavender, rose, and geranium should be avoided during pregnancy, as they are toxic to the fetus.

Thus, the floral essential oils are important, powerful ingredients to add to cleansers, scrubs, masks, tonics, face oils, lip gloss, bath oils, and body lotions to treat all skin types and conditions. No doubt they will be increasingly used in the future as natural healing ingredients are sought out and favored.